Human Red Blood Cells Alterations in Primary Aldosteronism


Aldosterone (Aldo) effects include NADPH oxidase activation involved in Aldo-related oxidative stress. Red blood cells (RBCs) are particularly sensitive to oxidative assault, and both the formation of high molecular weight aggregates (HMWAs) and the diamide-induced Tyr phosphorylation (Tyr-P) level of membrane band 3 can be used to monitor their redox status. The Aldo-related alterations in erythrocytes were evaluated by comparing in vitro evidence. This was a multicenter comparative study. The study included 12 patients affected by primary aldosteronism (PA) and 6 healthy control subjects (HCs), whose RBCs were compared with those of patients with PA. For in vitro experiments, RBCs from HCs were incubated with increasing Aldo concentrations. The Tyr-P level, band 3 HMWA formation, and autologous IgG binding were evaluated. In patients with PA, both Tyr-P levels and band 3 HMWAs were higher than those in HCs. RBCs from HCs were treated with increasing Aldo concentrations in both platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and charcoal-stripped (CS)-PPP. Results showed that Aldo had dose- and time-dependent effects on band 3 Tyr-P and HMWA formation in CS-PPP more than in PPP. These effects were almost completely prevented by canrenone or cortisol. Aldo-related membrane alterations led to increased autologous IgG binding. Erythrocytes from patients with PA show oxidative-like stress evidenced by increased HMWA content and diamide-induced band 3 Tyr-P level. Aldo effects are mediated by the mineralocorticoid receptor, as suggested by the inhibitory effects of canrenone, an antagonist of Aldo. In CS-PPP, in which Aldo induces remarkable membrane alterations leading to IgG binding, Aldo may be responsible for premature RBC removal from circulation.

Authors: Luciana Bordin, Gabriella Donà, Chiara Sabbadin, Eugenio Ragazzi, Alessandra Andrisani, Guido Ambrosini, Anna Maria Brunati, Giulio Clari, Decio Armanini
Keywords: red blood cell, RBC, erythrocytes
DOI Number: 10.1210/jc.2012-3571      Publication Year: 2013

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