Evidence of Exercise-induced Myocardial Ischemia in Patients With Primary Aldosteronism: the Cross-sectional Primary Aldosteronism and Heart Italian Multicenter Study

Abstract/Summary:

We studied 72 patients with PA and an age/sex-matched group of 72 patients with EH enrolled in the cross-sectional Primary Aldosteronism and Heart Italian Multicenter Study (PAHIMS). We addressed the impact of PA on myocardial ischemia and sought to identify signs of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia (assessed by MIBI-SPECT and echocardiography) in patients with PA compared to patients with EH. Patients with consistent signs of myocardial ischemia on all of the tests were studied by coronary arteriography. Although the conditions of arterial pressure, duration of hypertension, and target organ damage were equivalent, the patients with PA had greater incidence of both reversible perfusion defects and abnormalities of regional function. Moreover, multiple regression analysis showed that the high plasma aldosterone level was highly predictive for SPECT ischemic score and wall motion index, suggesting that PA contributes to cardiovascular risk over and above that associated with ventricular hypertrophy. Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in PA was not segmental but widely distributed suggesting that this phenomenon was not related to abnormal coronary perfusion. Accordingly, of the 38 patients with PA who underwent coronarography, there was no presence of significant coronary atherosclerotic lesions in 30 (78.9%) of the patients.

Authors: C Napoli, F Di Gregorio, M Leccese, P Abete, G Ambrosio, R Giusti, A Casini, N Ferrara, C De Matteis, G Sibilio, R Donzelli, A Montemarano, C Mazzeo, F Rengo, L Mansi, A Liguori
Keywords: exercise, myocardial ischemia
DOI Number: 10361380      Publication Year: 1999

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©2021 Primary Aldosteronism Foundation

The Primary Aldosteronism Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) public charity. Donations are tax deductible in the US.