Unilateral Adrenal Hyperplasia: A Novel Cause of Surgically Correctable Primary Hyperaldosteronism


Primary hyperaldosteronism may be caused by an aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA), which is correctable by unilateral adrenalectomy or by idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia, a bilateral disease without any indication for surgery. This study sought to assess the prevalence and the results of surgery in unilateral adrenal hyperplasia (UAH). The study included 35 patients who underwent unilateral adrenalectomy because of primary hyperaldosteronism after unequivocal successful lateralization by adrenal venous sampling. Demographics, biochemical evaluation, and blood pressure were assessed pre- and postoperatively. Pathology was categorized as APA (isolated adenoma), nodular (multiple micromacronodules), and diffuse UAH (gland thickening without nodules). UAH is not rare, sharing the same features of APA. When disease lateralization is confirmed by adrenal venous sampling, unilateral adrenalectomy achieves excellent long-term results.

Authors: Maurizio Iacobone, Marilisa Citton, Giovanni Viel, Riccardo Boetto, Italo Bonadio, Saveria Tropea, Franco Mantero, Gian Paolo Rossi, Ambrogio Fassina, Donato Nitti, Gennaro Favia
Keywords: adrenal cortex neoplasm, adrenalectomy, adrenocortical adenoma
DOI Number: 10.1016/j.surg.2012.08.042      Publication Year: 2012

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