Plasma Prolactin Levels in Patients With Essential Hypertension, Malignant Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension


Plasma prolactin level and plasma renin activity were determined in normal subjects and patients with low and normal renin essential hypertension, renal hypertension, renovascular hypertension, primary aldosteronism, Cushing syndrome, pheochromocytoma and malignant hypertension. In both normal subjects and the normal renin essential hypertensives, plasma prolactin was significantly higher in females than in males. Plasma prolactin was also significantly higher in the normal renin essential hypertensives than in normal subjects of both sexes, while no significant difference was found between the low renin group and normal subjects of either sex. A significantly positive correlation was observed between plasma renin activity and the plasma prolactin level in male essential hypertensives, but not in females. Although no significant difference in plasma prolactin level could be detected between patients with secondary hypertension and normal subjects, this level was significantly higher in malignant hypertensives than in normotensives. From these results, it was shown that significant differences of plasma prolactin levels exist between normal renin essential hypertensives, and low renin essential hypertensives or normal subjects, and that these differences may partly depend on renin status which might be related to the central dopaminergic activity. In malignant hypertensives, the high level of plasma prolactin may be caused by diminished renal function, but the suppression of central dopaminergic activity cannot be excluded in the mechanism of plasma prolactin increment.

Authors: Shigemichi Tanaka, Kazuaki Shimamoto, Tohru Takada, Yasuyuki Nakahashi, Toshiaki Ando, Takahiro Nishitani, Osamu Iimura
Keywords: prolactin, primary aldosteronism, Cushing’s, pheochromocytoma, malignant hypertension, secondary hypertension
DOI Number: 10.2169/internalmedicine1962.24.19      Publication Year: 1985

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