Factors Associated With Persistent Cardiac Organ Damage In Primary Aldosteronism After One Year Of Treatment

Abstract/Summary:

Adrenalectomy and medical treatment of primary aldosteronism (PA) both induce regression of left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy, while the effects on LV myocardial function are less investigated. Eighty-four patients (57±11 years, 27% female) with PA underwent echocardiography at time of diagnosis and after 1 year of treatment (49% adrenalectomized, 51% medically treated). Persistent cardiac organ damage was identified as LV hypertrophy or low LV systolic function by midwall shortening or global longitudinal strain (GLS), both at baseline and at follow-up. LV diastolic function was assessed by left atrial enlargement and estimated LV filling pressure (E/e’). Results from logistic regression analyses are reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). After 1 year, a significant regression of LV hypertrophy was observed in adrenalectomized patients (44% vs. 22%, p=0.038), but not in medically treated patients (59% vs. 50%, p=0.206). Midwall shortening, E/e’ and prevalence of enlarged left atrium improved significantly in both treatment groups (all p<0.001), while GLS remained unchanged. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, receiving medical treatment for PA (OR 4.98 [95% CI 1.26-18.88] was a strong predictor of persistent LV hypertrophy independent of higher body mass index (OR 1.20 [95% CI 1.04-1.38]) and presence of diabetes (OR 6.48 [95% CI 1.20-34.83], all p<0.05). Important covariables of persistently low midwall shortening were persistent LV hypertrophy (OR 3.50 [95% CI 1.12-10.96]) and suppression of plasma renin activity after 1 year of treatment (OR 4.31 [1.15-16.12], both p<0.05). The strongest predictor of persistently low GLS was higher HbA1c(OR 2.37[95% CI 1.12-5.02], p=0.024). In PA, LV hypertrophy regression was more common in adrenalectomized patients. Persistent LV hypertrophy and impaired glucose metabolism were the major factors associated with persistent LV myocardial dysfunction independent of treatment.

Authors: Arleen Aune, Marina Kokorina, Marianne Grytaas, Ester Kringeland, Helga Midtbø, kristian Løvås, Eva Gerdts
Keywords: left ventricle myocardial function
DOI Number: 10.1161/hyp.78.suppl_1.P142      Publication Year: 2021

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©2021 Primary Aldosteronism Foundation

The Primary Aldosteronism Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) public charity. Donations are tax deductible in the US.