Factors Associated With Persistent Cardiac Organ Damage In Primary Aldosteronism After One Year Of Treatment


Adrenalectomy and medical treatment of primary aldosteronism (PA) both induce regression of left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy, while the effects on LV myocardial function are less investigated. Eighty-four patients (57±11 years, 27% female) with PA underwent echocardiography at time of diagnosis and after 1 year of treatment (49% adrenalectomized, 51% medically treated). Persistent cardiac organ damage was identified as LV hypertrophy or low LV systolic function by midwall shortening or global longitudinal strain (GLS), both at baseline and at follow-up. LV diastolic function was assessed by left atrial enlargement and estimated LV filling pressure (E/e’). Results from logistic regression analyses are reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). After 1 year, a significant regression of LV hypertrophy was observed in adrenalectomized patients (44% vs. 22%, p=0.038), but not in medically treated patients (59% vs. 50%, p=0.206). Midwall shortening, E/e’ and prevalence of enlarged left atrium improved significantly in both treatment groups (all p<0.001), while GLS remained unchanged. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, receiving medical treatment for PA (OR 4.98 [95% CI 1.26-18.88] was a strong predictor of persistent LV hypertrophy independent of higher body mass index (OR 1.20 [95% CI 1.04-1.38]) and presence of diabetes (OR 6.48 [95% CI 1.20-34.83], all p<0.05). Important covariables of persistently low midwall shortening were persistent LV hypertrophy (OR 3.50 [95% CI 1.12-10.96]) and suppression of plasma renin activity after 1 year of treatment (OR 4.31 [1.15-16.12], both p<0.05). The strongest predictor of persistently low GLS was higher HbA1c(OR 2.37[95% CI 1.12-5.02], p=0.024). In PA, LV hypertrophy regression was more common in adrenalectomized patients. Persistent LV hypertrophy and impaired glucose metabolism were the major factors associated with persistent LV myocardial dysfunction independent of treatment.

Authors: Arleen Aune, Marina Kokorina, Marianne Grytaas, Ester Kringeland, Helga Midtbø, kristian Løvås, Eva Gerdts
Keywords: left ventricle myocardial function
DOI Number: 10.1161/hyp.78.suppl_1.P142      Publication Year: 2021

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