This study investigated the long-term antihypertensive effects of esaxerenone, a novel nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor blocker, alone or in combination with a calcium channel blocker (CCB) or a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor, in Japanese patients with essential hypertension. Patients were treated with esaxerenone starting at 2.5 mg/day increasing to 5 mg/day if required to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets as a monotherapy or with a CCB or RAS inhibitor. After the first 12 weeks of treatment, an additional antihypertensive agent could be added if required to achieve the target BP; the total treatment period was 28 or 52 weeks. The primary endpoint was a change from baseline in sitting BP. Of the 368 enrolled patients, 245 received monotherapy, and 59 and 64, respectively, took a CCB or RAS inhibitor concurrently. Mean changes from baseline in sitting systolic/diastolic BP (95% confidence intervals) at weeks 12, 28 and 52 were -16.1 (-17.3, -14.9)/-7.7 (-8.4, -6.9), -18.9 (-20.2, -17.7)/-9.9 (-10.7, -9.2), and -23.1 (-25.0, -21.1)/-12.5 (-13.6, -11.3) mmHg, respectively (all P < 0.0001 vs baseline). Similar BP reductions at these weeks were observed between all patient subgroups stratified by age, and the observed decreases in 24-h ambulatory BP were consistent with the efficacy observed in sitting BP. Esaxerenone was also well-tolerated with a rate of hyperkalemia at 5.4% (serum potassium ≥5.5 mEq/L), indicating a good safety profile for treatment over the long-term or in combination with a CCB or RAS inhibitor. In conclusion, esaxerenone may be a promising treatment option for patients with hypertension.
Authors: Hiromi Rakugi, Sadayoshi Ito, Hiroshi Itoh, Yasuyuki Okuda, Satoru Yamakawa
Keywords: antihypertensive agents, combination drug therapy, esaxerenone, essential hypertension
DOI Number: 10.1038/s41440-019-0314-7 Publication Year: 2019
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