Primary aldosteronism (PA) is mainly treated by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists or laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA), but the effectiveness of surgical versus medical treatment in patients with adrenal venous sampling (AVS)-proven unilateral PA is unclear. Fifty-one consecutive patients with AVS-proven PA were enrolled. We compared the therapeutic effects between the surgery group (n = 21) and medication group (n = 30) by evaluating the complete control rate (CCR) of hypertension, blood pressure (BP), and number of antihypertensive drugs after a long-term follow-up (>12 months). The CCR of hypertension was assessed using a multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression model. After a mean follow-up of 21.18 ± 5.35 months, the CCR was significantly higher in the surgery than medication group (85.7% vs. 13.3%, respectively; p < 0.001). Before adjustment for covariates, the CCR of hypertension in patients who underwent LA was 7.75 times higher than that in patients who underwent medical treatment (95% CI, 2.33–25.78; p = 0.001); significant results were also shown in the adjusted models. Systolic and diastolic BP were also lower in the surgery than medication group (120.3 ± 12.99 vs. 133.54 ± 16.60 and 79.00 ± 7.62 vs. 87.35 ± 12.36 mmHg, respectively; p = 0.01 for both), as was the number of antihypertensive drugs (0.19 ± 0.51 vs. 2.33 ± 0.78, respectively; p < 0.001). The rate of hypokalemia was not significantly different between the two groups (0.0% vs. 13.3%, respectively; p = 0.13). In conclusion, AVS plays an essential role in the subtype diagnosis of PA, and surgical candidates with AVS-proven unilateral PA should be highly suggested to undergo LA.

Authors: Xu Meng, Wen-Jun Ma, Xiong-Jing Jiang, Pei-Pei Lu, Ying Zhang, Peng Fan, Jun Cai, Hui-Min Zhang, Lei Song, Hai-Ying Wu, Xian-Liang Zhou, Ying Lou
Keywords: laparoscopic adrenalectomy outcome
DOI Number: 10.1038/s41371-019-0241-8      Publication Year: 2019

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