Liddle Syndrome Misdiagnosed As Primary Aldosteronism is Caused by Inaccurate Aldosterone-rennin Detection While a Novel SCNN1G Mutation is Discovered


Through describing the confusing misdiagnosis process of Liddle syndrome, we try to reveal the importance of accurate aldosterone-renin detection and a genetic test for Liddle syndrome. We found a family of hypertension and hypokalaemia with the proband of a 21-year-old female who had been misdiagnosed as primary aldosteronism (PA). She presented with high aldosterone and low renin levels. Aldosterone is not suppressed in the saline infusion test and captopril challenge test. However, treatment with a standard dose of spironolactone has no blood pressure improvement effect. A heterozygous variant of SCNN1G was found with whole exome sequencing and Liddle syndrome is indicated. Treatment with amiloride was effective. We rechecked aldosterone-renin levels with two different aldosterone and renin test kits. Clinical features and the mutant gene SCNN1G of each family member were determined by the Sanger method. The two kits had nearly opposite results. Among those Liddle syndrome patients confirmed by a genetic test, for Test kit A all ARR were screened positive while for test kit B negative. It seems Test kit B is consistent with the diagnosis while test kit A misleads the diagnosis. A novel SCNN1G mutation, c.1729 C > T, was found in this family, which introduce a premature stop codon in the γ subunit in the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) and resulted in a deletion of 72 amino acids at the carboxyl end. Inaccurate ARR detection might misdiagnose Liddle syndrome. A Gene test is an important method for the diagnosis of Liddle syndrome. A novel SCNN1G missense mutation, c.1729 C > T, is found in a Chinese family.

Authors: Yaling Yang, Chenwei Wu, Duoduo Qu, Xinyue Xu, Lili Chen, Quanya Sun, Xiaolong Zhao
Keywords: Liddle syndrome, SCNN1G
DOI Number: 10.1080/08037051.2022.2088471      Publication Year: 2022

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