In the normal human adrenal gland, serotonin (5-HT) stimulates aldosterone secretion through the 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4R). However, the physiological role of the serotonergic control of adrenocortical function is not known. In the present study, we have investigated the ability of L-Lysine, which has been shown to act as a 5-HT4 receptor antagonist, to counteract in vitro and in vivo the stimulatory effect of 5-HT4R agonists on aldosterone production. L-Lysine was found to inhibit aldosterone production induced by 5-HT and the 5-HT4R agonists BIMU8 from cultured human adrenocortical cells. The action of L-Lysine (4.95 g/day orally) on the adrenal cortex was also evaluated in 20 healthy volunteers in a double blind, cross-over, placebo controlled study. L-Lysine had no significant influence on basal plasma aldosterone levels and the aldosterone responses to upright posture, tetracosactide, and low sodium diet (10 mmol/day for 3 days). Conversely, L-Lysine significantly reduced the surge of plasma aldosterone induced by metoclopramide indicating that L-Lysine is able to efficiently antagonize the adrenal 5-HT4 receptors in vivo. These results suggest that L-Lysine supplementation may represent a new treatment of primary adrenal diseases in which corticosteroid hypersecretion is driven by overexpressed 5-HT4 receptors.

Authors: C. Duparc, C. André, J. Ménard, B. Godouet-Getti, J. Wils, A. F. Cailleux, L. Moreau-Grangé, E. Louiset, H. Lefebvre
Keywords: L-Lysine, aldosterone, serotonin, metoclopramide
DOI Number: 10.1055/s-0042-122781      Publication Year: 2017

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