Immunohistochemical Analysis of CYP11B2, CYP11B1 and β-catenin Helps Subtyping and Relates With Clinical Characteristics of Unilateral Primary Aldosteronism


Primary aldosteronism is caused by aldosterone overproduction. While conventional hematoxylin-eosin staining can demonstrate morphological abnormality, it cannot provide any functional histopathological information. We aimed to identify the diagnostic, functional and prognostic value of CYP11B2, CYP11B1, and β-catenin immunostaining in unilateral hyperaldosteronism. A total of 134 patients with unilateral hyperaldosteronism were recruited in our study. The expression of CYP11B2, CYP11B1, and β-catenin was evaluated semiquantitatively on 134 patients’ sections using immunohistochemistry technology and the relationship with clinical data was assessed. CYP11B2 immunostaining could improve the differential diagnosis of unilateral hyperaldosteronism. Adjusted CYP11B2 H-score could be used as a histopathological marker to reflect the severity of unilateral APA. Dysregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and impaired β-catenin degradation may provoke the proliferation and enhance the steroidogenic ability of APA tumor cells, indicating that the Wnt pathway might be a potential, actionable, therapeutic target in the treatment of hyperaldosteronism. Age, sex and family history of hypertension were independent predictors of clinical outcome after adrenalectomy for unilateral hyperaldosteronism.

Authors: Luyan Sun, Yiran Jiang, Jing Xie, Hongyuan Zhu, Luming Wu, Xu Zhong, Weiwei Zhou, Tingwei Su, Weiqing Wang
Keywords: CYP11B2, CYP11B1, beta catenin, immunohistochemistry
DOI Number: 10.3389/fmolb.2021.751770      Publication Year: 2021

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