Development of [18F]AldoView As the First Highly Selective Aldosterone Synthase PET Tracer for Imaging of Primary Hyperaldosteronism


The purpose of this study was to synthesize a fluorine-18 labeled, highly selective aldosterone synthase (hCYP11B2) inhibitor, [18F]AldoView, and to assess its potential for the detection of aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs) with positron emission tomography in patients with primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA). Using dibenzothiophene sulfonium salt chemistry, [18F]AldoView was obtained in high radiochemical yield in one step from [18F]fluoride. In mice, the tracer showed a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, including rapid distribution and clearance. Imaging in the adrenal tissue from patients with PHA revealed diffuse binding patterns in the adrenal cortex, avid binding in some adenomas, and “hot spots” consistent with aldosterone-producing cell clusters. The binding pattern was in good visual agreement with the antibody staining of hCYP11B2 and distinguished areas with normal and excessive hCYP11B2 expression. Taken together, [18F]AldoView is a promising tracer for the detection of APAs in patients with PHA.

Authors: Kerstin SanderKerstin Sander, Thibault Gendron, Klaudia A. Cybulska, Fatih Sirindil, Junhua Zhou, Tammy L. Kalber, Mark F. Lythgoe, Tom R. Kurzawinski, Morris J. Brown, Bryan Williams, Erik Årstad
Keywords: [18F]AldoView, PET Tracer
DOI Number: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c00539      Publication Year: 2021

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