Freshly isolated bovine adrenocortical cells were pretreated with various concentrations of cholesterol and of high- (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) fractions of known cholesterol content and then incubated in medium alone with and without angiotensin II. Preincubation with cholesterol (323 μmol/l) caused basal aldosterone synthesis to increase from 0·89 ± 0·08 to 2·77 ± 0·22 pmol/106 cells per hour (±s.e.m.) but did not significantly affect angiotensin-stimulated synthesis. Human HDL containing cholesterol at a final concentration of 129–647 μmol/l increased both basal and angiotensin-stimulated aldosterone synthesis. In HDL-treated cells, both the threshold response and responses to increasing concentrations of angiotensin were raised. Human LDL had no effect on basal or stimulated aldosterone synthesis nor did LDL alter the effects of HDL when cells were incubated with HDL and LDL in combination. Qualitatively similar results were obtained with bovine lipoproteins. These studies show that, in short-term incubations of fresh tissue, the supply of cholesterol may be a limiting factor in aldosterone synthesis and that HDL rather than LDL is the preferred source. These observations are discussed in relation first to the mechanisms by which cholesterol/HDL might augment steroid responses and secondly to other studies with cultured cells which have demonstrated a role for LDL.
Authors: H D Simpson, R Shepherd, J Shepherd, R Fraser, A F Lever, C J Kenyon
Keywords: cholesterol, lipoproteins, HDL, LDL, zona glomerulosa
DOI Number: 10.1677/joe.0.1210125 Publication Year: 1989
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