Different Roles of the RAAS Affect Bone Metabolism in Patients With Primary Aldosteronism, Gitelman Syndrome and Bartter Syndrome


Components of the RAAS may influence bone metabolism. Different roles of the RAAS are found in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA), Gitelman syndrome (GS) and Bartter syndrome (BS). We collected inpatient medical records including 20 patients with Gitelman syndrome (GS group), 17 patients with Bartter syndrome (BS group) and 20 age-matched patients with primary aldosteronism (PA group). We found the following results. (1) PA patients had significantly higher serum magnesium, potassium, plasma aldosterone, serum parathyroid hormone, urinary calcium and BMI (p<0.05) while significantly lower serum calcium and phosphorus (P < 0.05) than GS and BS patients. (2) Total hip and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in PA patients were significantly lower than those in GS and BS patients (P<0.05). (3) GS patients had lower serum magnesium and urinary calcium than BS patients (P < 0.05). (4) Compared with BS patients, the vertebral BMD in GS patients were significantly higher (P < 0.05). So we believe higher aldosterone and PTH levels may be the reason that PA patients have lower hip BMD. Lower urinary calcium and inactivation of the NCC gene (Na-Cl cotransporter) in GS patients may have protective effects on vertebral bone mineral density. With persistence disordered RAAS, PA patients have lower BMD, especially hip BMD as compared with GS and BS patients. We presumed the lower renin and higher aldosterone level may be the reason. With the same level of renin and aldosterone, BS patients have lower vertebrate BMD than GS patients. Decreased urinary calcium excretion may be the reason.

Authors: Wangna Tang, Yun Chai, Hongwei Jia, Baoping Wang, Tong Liu, Hao Wang, Chenlin Dai
Keywords: RAAS, bone mineral density, parathyroid, calcium
DOI Number: 10.1186/s12902-022-00955-2      Publication Year: 2022

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