Comparison and Commutability Study Between Standardized Liquid Chromatography-mass Spectrometry/mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and Chemiluminescent Enzyme Immunoassay for Aldosterone Measurement in Blood


A commutability confirmation test for the blood aldosterone measurement was performed on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) as a designated comparison method (DCM) and four chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) measurement procedures based on metrological traceability. A conventional radioimmunoassay (RIA) and two measurement procedures of CLEIA which obtains RIA equivalent values were also compared. The relationship between the DCM value and the CLEIA value with respect to 120 pg/mL of the RIA value, which is the screening criterion of primary aldosteronism (PA) was clarified. For the correlation test, 75 samples of patient serum and plasma were used. Regression analysis revealed that the standardized LC-MS/MS and four CLEIA measurement procedures were in good agreement. This is the effect of measurement specificity and calibration using by certified reference material (CRM). The median of the LC-MS/MS corresponding to 120 pg/mL of RIA was 48.5 pg/mL. In the mean of standardized four CLEIA values corresponding to the 48.5 pg/mL of LC-MS/MS value was 47.51 pg/mL and the standard deviation (SD) was 2.93 pg/mL. However, the correlation between the RIA value and the RIA equivalent of the two measurement procedures by CLEIA differed depending on the measurement procedure. This is due to the influence of RIA measurement performance. Standardized CLEIA measurements are suitable for routine measurement procedure. When converting the LC-MS/MS equivalent value by the standardized CLEIA to the conventional RIA value, it is necessary to use the conversion formula.

Authors: Tetsuo Nishikawa, Fumitoshi Satoh, Yuichi Takashi, Toshihiko Yanase, Hiroshi Itoh, Isao Kurihara, Hirotaka Shibata, Yutaka Oki, Mitsuhide Naruse, Hidehiko Sasamoto, Katsuhiko Kuwa
Keywords: commutability, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, standardizations, traceability.
DOI Number: 10.1507/endocrj.EJ21-0278      Publication Year: 2021

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