Adrenal Venous Sampling in Primary Aldosteronism: Experience of a Spanish Multicentric Study (Results from the SPAIN-ALDO Register)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of adrenal venous sampling (AVS) performance in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA), the main reasons for its non-performance, and the success and complications rate of this procedure in Spain. Moreover, the concordance between CT/MRI and AVS for PA subtyping was evaluated. A retrospective multicenter study of PA patient follow-up in 20 Spanish tertiary hospitals between 2018–2021 was performed (SPAIN-ALDO Register). Of the 440 patients with PA included in the study, 153 underwent AVS (34.8%). The main reasons for not performing AVS were: patient rejection to the procedure, low catheterization rate in the center and unilateral disease based on CT/MRI. The overall success rate was 44.4% (the left adrenal vein was properly canulated in 77.8% and the right adrenal vein in 48.4%). Only 3 patients experienced minor complications. In the 45 patients with unilateral disease according to AVS, CT/MRI indicated bilateral disease or normal adrenal glands in 17. In the 23 patients with bilateral disease, CT/MRI indicated unilateral disease in 14. However, no significant differences were observed in biochemical response (P = 0.051) and hypertension resolution (P = 0.150) between patients who underwent surgery based on CT/MRI results and those who underwent surgery based on AVS results. In our setting, AVS is still an underused technique in patients with PA. The low experience and success rate in AVS partially justify these results. More training for providers and patients needs to be done to include appropriate well performed AVS in the diagnosis algorithm of PA.

Authors: Marta Araujo-Castro, Miguel Paja Fano, Marga González Boillos, Begoña Pla Peris, Eider Pascual-Corrales, Ana María García Cano, Paola Parra Ramírez, Patricia Martín Rojas-Marcos, Jorge Gabriel Ruiz-Sanchez, Almudena Vicente Delgado, Emilia Gómez Hoyos, Rui Ferreira, Iñigo García Sanz, Mònica Recasens Sala, Rebeca Barahona San Millan, María José Picón César, Patricia Díaz Guardiola, Juan Jesús García González, Carolina M. Perdomo, Laura Manjón Miguélez, Rogelio García Centeno, Juan Carlos Percovich, Ángel Rebollo Román, Paola Gracia Gimeno, Cristina Robles Lázaro, Manuel Morales-Ruiz, Felicia A. Hanzu
Keywords: adrenal venous sampling
DOI Number: 10.1007/s12020-022-03122-8      Publication Year: 2022

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