Aldosterone is a hormone produced in the adrenals that helps regulate the salt balance and blood pressure. Primary hyperaldosteronism is one of the main endocrine causes of secondary hypertension. The overproduction of aldosterone might in some cases be due to unilateral hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex or a unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma. In these cases the adrenal can be removed and the patient cured of hypertension. The clinical evaluation of patients with confirmed primary hyperaldosteronism therefore includes selective sampling of blood from the adrenal veins to determine lateralization of overproduction. This Is executed as an interventional radiological procedure.The adrenal vein sampling is challenging, and success is determined by measuring another adrenal hormone named cortisol in the blood samples as a marker of a correctly drawn sample.By routine laboratory assays the procedure is evaluated after the patient has been discharged from the hospital. In the study a rapid assay of cortisol will be evaluated, allowing the radiologist to draw new samples during the same procedure if the first set of samples was unsuccessful. The study hypothesis is that intraoperative measurement of cortisol is a useful tool to evaluate successful sampling, and that fewer patients will need a repeated procedure.
Study Name: Intraoperative Analysis of Cortisol During Adrenal Vein Sampling
Conditions: Primary aldosteronism
Interventions: Other: Intraoperative cortisol measurement.
Locations: Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Hordaland, Norway
Study link: https://ClinicalTrials.gov/show/NCT01761344
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